Storage Devices

Synology DS 1819+ NAS Review

Pushing storage to the limit

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Synology DS 1819+Just like everyone graduated from IDE drives and AGP cards it is time to change how we use home and small office storage. Gigabit Ethernet is still very popular however, it is time to consider the next Ethernet technology. Yes, I am talking about 10 Gigabit (10GbE) enabled devices. Over the years it was nearly impossible to bring 10GbE into your home. With the recent drop in prices, it is starting to become affordable to upgrade your home networking to 10GbE. What is 10GbE you may ask. Your home switch and/or router most likely is Gigabit which means the interfaces of these devices are able to communicate with a speed of 1 Gigabit per second. 10 Gigabit per second is pretty much 10 times as much as 1 Gigabit per second connection. Manufacturers are eager to bring 10GbE devices in your homes and hopefullt very soon you will see a burst of gear on the shelf that offers 10GbE capabilities. We are going to be taking a look at one of the newest products by Synology DS 1819+. The Synology DS 1819+ is a Network Attached Storage device which is based on the Intel Atom Quad Core CPU and has the ability to expand its internal memory up to 32 GB. This NAS device offers 8 drive bays which support 3.5″ and 2.5″ HDD/SSD.

Review Sample Provided by: Synology
Product Name: DS1819+
Price at time of review: $ 999.99 USD MSRP
Product was given in exchange for work done to produce this review.

Packaging

Just like every product by Synology DS 1819+ comes in a well-designed and recycle friendly box. As you look around the packaging box you will find related information about the device inside. What jumps out right away is the front facing eight bays in the front of the unit.

The device itself is surrounded by a plastic foam that keeps everything in place while shipping. Besides being protected by a thick plastic foam the DS 1819+ has a thin protective bag over it. This helps with any accidental scratches. Included with the device is a small accessory box.

The box includes Two Cat 5e Ethernet cables, One power cable (NEMA 5-15) a set of mounting screws for SSD installation, Two drive security keys, and a Quick Installation Guide.

Specifications

 

Hardware Specifications
CPU
CPU ModelIntel Atom C3538
CPU Architecture64-bit
CPU FrequencyQuad Core 2.1 GHz
Hardware Encryption Engine (AES-NI)Yes
Memory
System Memory4 GB DDR4
Memory Module Pre-installed4 GB (4 GB x 1)
Total Memory Slots2
Memory Expandable up to32 GB (16 GB x 2)
Storage
Drive Bays8
Maximum Drive Bays with Expansion Unit18
Compatible Drive Type* (See all supported drives)
  • 3.5″ SATA HDD
  • 2.5″ SATA HDD
  • 2.5″ SATA SSD
Maximum Internal Raw Capacity112 TB (14 TB drive x 8) (Capacity may vary by RAID types)
Maximum Raw Capacity with Expansion Units252 TB (112 TB + 14 TB drive x 10) (Capacity may vary by RAID types)
Maximum Single Volume Size108 TB
Hot Swappable DriveYes
Notes
  • “Compatible drive type” indicates the drives that have been tested to be compatible with Synology products. This term does not indicate the maximum connection speed of each drive bay.
  • The maximum raw capacity is not limited by the maximum single volume size. Synology NAS models may utilize capacities over the maximum single volume size as long as each volume created is below the limit. (Learn more)
  • Expansion of the internal volume is only supported if the combined single volume size does not exceed the maximum limit of 108TB.
External Ports
RJ-45 1GbE LAN Port4 (with Link Aggregation / Failover support)
USB 3.0 Port4
eSATA Port2
PCIe
PCIe Expansion1 x Gen3 x8 slot (black, x4 link)
Add-in-card support
  • M2D18 – Dual M.2 SATA/NVMe SSD adapter card for SSD cache
  • PCIe Network Interface Card (Learn more)
File System
Internal Drives
  • Btrfs
  • EXT4
External Drives
  • Btrfs
  • EXT4
  • EXT3
  • FAT
  • NTFS
  • HFS+
  • exFAT*
NotesexFAT Access is purchased separately in Package Center.
Appearance
Size (Height x Width x Depth)166 mm x 343 mm x 243 mm
Weight6 kg
Others
System Fan120 mm x 120 mm x 2 pcs
Fan Speed Mode
  • Full-Speed Mode
  • Cool Mode
  • Quiet Mode
Easy Replacement System FanYes
Brightness adjustable front LED indicatorsYes
Power RecoveryYes
Noise Level*22.2 dB(A)
Scheduled Power On/OffYes
Wake on LAN/WANYes
Power Supply Unit / Adapter250W
AC Input Power Voltage100V to 240V AC
Power Frequency50/60 Hz, Single Phase
Power Consumption*66.96 W (Access)
29.39 W (HDD Hibernation)
British Thermal Unit228.63 BTU/hr (Access)
100.35 BTU/hr (HDD Hibernation)
Environment Temperature
Operating Temperature0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F)
Storage Temperature-20°C to 60°C (-5°F to 140°F)
Relative Humidity5% to 95% RH
Certification
  • FCC
  • CE
  • BSMI
  • EAC
  • VCCI
  • CCC
  • RCM
  • KC
Warranty3 Year Hardware Warranty
Notes
  • Power consumption is measured when fully loaded with Western Digital 1TB WD10EFRX hard drive(s).
  • Noise Level Testing Environment: Fully loaded with Seagate 2TB ST2000VN000 hard drive(s) in idle; Two G.R.A.S. Type 40AE microphones, each set up at 1 meter away from the Synology NAS front and rear; Background noise: 16.49-17.51 dB(A); Temperature: 24.25-25.75˚C; Humidity: 58.2-61.8%
DSM Specifications ( See more )
Storage Management
Maximum Internal Volume Number512
Maximum iSCSI Target Number128
Maximum iSCSI LUN256
iSCSI LUN Clone/Snapshot, Windows ODXYes
SSD Read/Write Cache (White Paper)Yes
SSD TRIMYes
Supported RAID Type
  • Synology Hybrid RAID
  • Basic
  • JBOD
  • RAID 0
  • RAID 1
  • RAID 5
  • RAID 6
  • RAID 10
RAID Migration
  • Basic to RAID 1
  • Basic to RAID 5
  • RAID 1 to RAID 5
  • RAID 5 to RAID 6
Volume Expansion with Larger HDDs
  • Synology Hybrid RAID
  • RAID 1
  • RAID 5
  • RAID 6
  • RAID 10
Volume Expansion by Adding a HDD
  • Synology Hybrid RAID
  • RAID 5
  • RAID 6
  • JBOD
Global Hot Spare Supported RAID Type
  • Synology Hybrid RAID
  • RAID 1
  • RAID 5
  • RAID 6
  • RAID 10
File Services
File ProtocolCIFS/AFP/NFS/FTP/WebDAV
Maximum Concurrent CIFS/AFP/FTP Connections1,000
Maximum Concurrent CIFS/AFP/FTP Connections (with RAM expansion)2,000
Windows Access Control List (ACL) IntegrationYes
NFS Kerberos AuthenticationYes
Account & Shared Folder
Maximum Local User Accounts2,048
Maximum Local Groups256
Maximum Shared Folder512
Maximum Shared Folder Sync Tasks16
High Availability ManagerYes
Log CenterYes
Syslog Events per Second800
Virtualization
VMware vSphere 6 with VAAIYes
Windows Server 2016Yes
Citrix ReadyYes
OpenStackYes
Add-on Packages (learn more about the complete add-on package list)
Antivirus by McAfee (Trial)Yes
Central Management SystemYes
ChatYes
Maximum Users1,500
Notes
  • The number of concurrent HTTP connections for Chat was configured to the maximum.
  • CPU and RAM usage were both under 80% when the number of maximum users was reached.
  • For tested models with expandable memory, the maximum amount of RAM was installed.
Cloud Station ServerYes
Maximum Number of Concurrently Connected Devices1,000
Maximum Number of Concurrently Connected Devices (with RAM expansion)2,000
Maximum Number of Hosted Files (btrfs)1,000,000
Maximum Number of Hosted Files (ext4)1,000,000
Notes
  • The maximum number of concurrently connected devices refers to the maximum number of devices that can remain connected at the same time.
  • The maximum number of hosted files refers to the maximum number of files that can be indexed and hosted by the Cloud Station Server service. RAM expansion was not used during testing.
  • Non-encrypted shared folders were used during the aforementioned testing.
Document ViewerYes
Download StationYes
Maximum Concurrent Download Tasks80
exFAT Access (optional)Yes
MailPlus / MailPlus ServerYes
Free Email Accounts(Licenses required for additional accounts)
Maximum number of concurrent usersUp to 150
Maximum Server Performance1,484,000 emails per day, approx. 45 GB
Notes
  • The CPU and RAM usage were both under 80% when testing the maximum number of concurrent users.
  • For tested models with expandable memory, the maximum amount of RAM was installed.
  • Read-write SSD cache was enabled in 5-bay (and above) NAS models with 2 SSDs units installed.
  • The performance of the mail system will slightly decrease in high-availability mode due to data synchronization between the two servers.
  • Functions that were enabled in all of the tests above: anti-spam, anti-virus, DNSBL, greylist, content scan, full-text search (English only).
Media ServerYes
DLNA ComplianceYes
MomentsYes
Facial recognitionYes
Subject recognitionYes
Snapshot ReplicationYes
Maximum Snapshots per Shared Folder1024
Maximum of system snapshots65536
Surveillance StationYes
Maximum IP cam (Licenses required)40 (including 2 Free License) (See All Supported IP Cameras)
Total FPS (H.264)*1200 FPS @ 720p (1280×720)
960 FPS @ 1080p (1920×1080)
520 FPS @ 3M (2048×1536)
320 FPS @ 5M (2591×1944)
240 FPS @ 4K (3840×2160)
Total FPS (H.265)*1200 FPS @ 720p (1280×720)
1200 FPS @ 1080p (1920×1080)
880 FPS @ 3M (2048×1536)
520 FPS @ 5M (2591×1944)
400 FPS @ 4K (3840×2160)
Total FPS (MJPEG)*560 FPS @ 720p (1280×720)
270 FPS @ 1080p (1920×1080)
190 FPS @ 3M (2048×1536)
110 FPS @ 5M (2591×1944)
NotesSurveillance Station throughput is tested with Axis network camera, using continuous recording with live view from Surveillance Station and motion detection by camera. Live view and recording are sharing the same stream from the camera.
Synology DriveYes
Recommended Number of Hosted Files1,000,000 (applies to files indexed or hosted by Synology Drive. For file access through other standard protocols, refer to the File Services section above)
Recommended Number of Concurrent Connections for PC Clients550 (the number of connections that can be maintained when the recommended number of hosted files was reached)
Notes
  • For tested models with expandable memory, the maximum amount of RAM was installed.
  • Exceeding the limits above may result in longer response time in file operations.
  • Btrfs file system and non-encrypted shared folders were used during the aforementioned testing.
Synology OfficeYes
Maximum Users1,800
Notes
  • Multiple files were opened for testing and each file was edited by 30 users simultaneously.
  • CPU and RAM usage were both under 80% when the number of maximum users was reached.
  • For tested models with expandable memory, the maximum amount of RAM was installed.
  • Client performance may affect maximum simultaneous editing users. Client PCs used for testing: Intel Core i3-3220 / 8GB RAM
Video StationYes
Video TranscodingGroup 1 – Type 1 (See more)
Maximum Transcoding Channel Number1 channel, 30 FPS @ 1080p(1920×1080), H.264 (AVC)/MPEG-4 Part 2 (XVID, DIVX5)/MPEG-2/VC-1
Virtual Machine ManagerYes
Recommended Virtual Machine Instances4 (Learn more)
Recommended Virtual DSM Number(Licenses required)4 (including 1 Free License)
Notes
  • Virtual Machine Manager is not supported on hosts running Synology High Availability.
  • The specifications vary depending on system configuration and memory size.
VPN ServerYes
Maximum Connections30
Environment & Packaging
EnvironmentRoHS Compliant
Packaging Content
  • Main Unit X 1
  • Accessory Pack X 1
  • AC Power Cord X 1
  • RJ-45 LAN Cable X 2
  • Quick Installation Guide X 1
Optional Accessories
  • Surveillance Device License Pack
  • D4NS2133-4G DDR4 non-ECC SO-DIMM*
  • RAMEC2133DDR4SO-16G DDR4 ECC SO-DIMM
  • Expansion Unit: DX517 X 2
  • VS360HD
  • VS960HD
  • Synology Ethernet Adapter E10G18-T1
  • Synology Ethernet Adapter E10G18-T2
  • Synology Ethernet Adapter E10G17-F2
  • Synology M2D18 M.2 SSD adapter card
Notes
  • For more information on memory upgrade limitations, visit here.
  • If multiple memory modules of different frequency are installed in the same system, all memory modules will be operated at the lowest frequency available.
Summary
Review Date
Reviewed Item
Synology DS 1819+
Author Rating
51star1star1star1star1star
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Alex Lusakhpuryan

Alex has been part of the media scene for about 10 years now. He has formed and operated a nonprofit review company "UMLan" and after its recent closure has joined Modders-Inc. An Sr IT Systems Engineer by day and media reviewer by night, Alex brings his expertise in networking and storage aspect of the technology as well as in overall knowledge of latest technologies.

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